About the Defense Innovation Marketplace
Independent Research & Development (IR&D) is a key source of innovation for the department. In 2010, under the Better Buying Power 1.0 initiative , DoD staff engaged with industry and government to learn about what we could to improve IR&D effectiveness. The key challenge identified was communication—industry wanted information about Department investment priorities to better help them plan their IR&D investment projects and DoD planning was hampered by limited insight into industry IR&D projects. The Defense Innovation Marketplace website was created to be a one-stop-resource for both DoD and industry and help enable this communication.
In Better Buying Power 2.0, there will be expanded programs to incentivize productivity and innovation that will be featured on this site
About Independent Research & Development (IR&D)
For nearly 80 years, firms have been allowed to recover some of its research and development (R&D) costs as part of the general and administrative expenses charged to existing contracts. Firms have the independence to decide which technologies to pursue with these funds, as long as these efforts are of potential interest to the Department.
On January 30th, the Federal Register published an update to the new Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) Rule revising requirements for reporting IR&D project data. The new DFARS rule is intended to improve communication of technology investments between industry and DoD.
"Independent Research and Development" is R&D initiated and conducted by defense contractors independent of DoD control and without direct DoD funding. IR&D includes: (1) basic research, (2) applied research, (3) development, and (4) systems and other concept formulation studies. IR&D does not include R&D performed under grants or contracts from the Government or third parties and does not include technical efforts in the support of bid or proposal activities. (IR&D defined)
What is B&P?
"Bid and Proposal" is the contractor effort to prepare, submit, and support bids and proposals on potential Government or non-Government contracts. B&P can involve highly technical efforts and can sometimes be an extension of prior IR&D efforts. Technical effort expended in developing and preparing technical data specifically to support bid or proposal activities is considered B&P, rather than IR&D. Administrative costs related to B&P activities are also covered under the B&P definition. B&P does not include the costs of efforts sponsored by a grant or cooperative agreement, or required in the performance of a contract. (B&P defined)
The following regulations govern the treatment of IR&D and B&P costs under defense contracts:
- Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) 231.205-18 Provides the contract cost principles and procedures for IR&D and B&P, 30 January 2012.
- Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) 242.771 Provides the contract administration functions relating to IR&D and B&P costs incurred by major defense contractors.
- Cost Accounting Standard (CAS) 420 Provides criteria for the accumulation and allocation of IR&D and B&P.
- DOD IR&D Program Directive Department of Defense Directive 3204.1, May 1999, establishes policy and assigns responsibilities for both the technical and business aspects of IR&D and B&P activities.
- Navy Instruction Navy IR&D Program activities are governed by SECNAVINST 3900.40C, Policy and Assignment of Responsibilities for the Independent Research and Development (IR&D) Program, 23 February 2000.
Industry IR&D Compliance
Industry uses this site to submit proprietary IR&D summary reports which are separately stored, accessed and used solely for compliance with the Defense Federal Acquisition Supplement at 48 CFR 231.205-18(c)(iii)(C).
Submit your data through this portal: http://www.defenseinnovationmarketplace.mil/industry.html